Hey there! 🙂
You may like to read my previous post on “Introduction to OS“ before you continue to read this.
Following this, is the steps to install Ubuntu into your system using a CD. The other means to install includes using a USB.
Check-list before you begin:
- Ensure you have an Ubuntu installation CD and,
- enough free space in your hard disk.
Some basic concepts to understand:
We need to first understand “BIOS” before we continue.
BIOS– Basic Input Output System, also known as the System BIOS or ROM BIOS.
- It is a software that is built into the PC( non-volatile ROM chip on the motherboard), and is the first code run by a PC when powered on (‘boot firmware’).
- When the PC starts up, the first job for the BIOS is to initialize and identify system devices such as the keyboard and mouse, hard diskdrive, and other hardware.
- The BIOS then locates boot loader software held on a peripheral device (designated as a ‘boot device’), such as a hard disk or a CD/DVD, and loads and executes that software, giving it control of the PC. This process is known as booting, or booting up, which is short for bootstrapping.
In short, it is a software that determines which peripheral device must be run first by your PC.
So, let’s now begin to install Ubuntu!
- First, you must reboot your system.
POINT TO REMEMBER:
You must first set your computer’s BIOS to “boot from CD”; otherwise, Windows will just load up again.
To get into the BIOS settings, you usually have to press one of these keys during boot-up: Escape, F1, F2, F12, or Delete.
Usually your computer will tell you which key to use.
You go to Advanced BIOS settings -> and select “CD Drive” as the 1st device to be booted.
Once your BIOS is configured to boot from CD first, if you have Ubuntu in the drive, you should see this screen.
Select your language.
“Try Ubuntu” and “Install Ubuntu”
If you choose to install Ubuntu directly, the installer will launch immediately.
If you instead choose the Try Ubuntu option, you’ll be in the Ubuntu live session. From there, click the Install Ubuntu icon on the desktop.
We now select Install Ubuntu.
Next, you see a screen that looks like this:
If the requirements match , click “Forward”.
Allocate Drive space.
This provides you with a set of options determining how and where would you want to install Ubuntu, the meaning of each of them being self-explanatory.
We go in with the last option- “Something else”, which will enable us to partition the hard disk space manually.
Select “free space” and click “Add”, and make the following settings:
- Partition Type – ‘Primary’
- File System – ‘Ext4′ or ‘Ext3’
- Mount Point – ‘/’
Then click on ‘Install Now’ button to proceed.
Now Enter some basic information during the installation procedure and hit Forward button.
- Your Geo-Graphical Location – Select your country from the Map.
- Then, Select the keyboard Layout, leave it default if you aren’t sure.
- Then Enter some basic information like – Your Name , Computer Name, Login Info (Username, and Password).
Wait until the installation process completes.
Congratulations! You have now successfully installed Ubuntu in your system!
Have a great time ahead…!!! 🙂